​Carbon Sequestration

​Carbon Sequestration of carbon in the atmosphere and soils is a heated topic of discussion today. The Carbon Credit vs Cap & Trade debate continues in the world and companies continue to wait and see the decisions governments will come to. In the mean time research and interest in the ability of Nile Fiber™ to sequester an incredible amounts carbon from our air and soil is astounding.

10,000 acres Farm Case Study

(TBS) has worked with the University of washington to study the specific abilities of Nile Fiber™  to sequester carbon from the air we breath. The studies have evolved into formulas. Based on our formulas and using a 10,000 acre farm as an example of a biomass crop the following would apply. 

A 10,000 acre Nile Fiber™ Farm biomass farm CO2 sequestration is expected to be 120 tons per year. That 10,000 acres, thus equates to 1.2 million tons of CO2 sequestered, resulting in the equivalent of removing 210,526 cars from US roads, and savings 2.97 million acres of rainforest — per year.

These are incredible numbers not only for the simple example of a 10,000 acre farm but for the vision of what the future of clean air in our county and others  countries could actually look like. These formulas are powerful evidence and a possible road map for beginning to restore the worlds air quality to a cleaner future. With countries like China moving to increase coal consumption at a staggering pass, the possibility of balancing the sever CO2 rates that are increasing annually brings promise to an environment already in need.

Soil Enhancement
Nile Fiber™ roots and rhizome community are also noteworthy. The impressive quality of Nile Fiber™ to be able to restore and bring balance and nurturance back to unusable or mistreated or over fertilized agricultural lands is impressive. Discoveries have shown that other species of plants simply growing in the vicinity of Nile Fiber™ roots and rhizome communities show a visibly substantial increase in size and growth. Nile Fiber™ ability to restore and enrich soils proves to add value to a site location and farm.

Nile Fiber™ also does an excellent job of preventing soil erosion and irrigation run off as well as phytoremediation of the soil with its unique ability to absorb, metabolize and or relocate pollutants in soils, water. Many studies show the impressive capacity of Nile Fiber™ roots and rhizome community to metabolize heavy metals. This acts as a cleanser for lands planted with Nile Fiber™.

Land Conservancy
The high yield output of Nile Fiber™provides the maximum amount of bio-energy per acre than any other biomass alternative, providing the maximum land conservancy while achieving the highest amount of bio-energy.

Research provided by University of Washington

How much carbon can agricultural and forestry practices sequester?

Carbon sequestration rates vary by tree species, soil type, regional climate, topography and management practice. In the U.S., fairly well-established values for carbon sequestration rates are available for most tree species. Soil carbon sequestration rates vary by soil type and cropping practice and are less well documented but information and research in this area is growing rapidly.

Pine plantations in the Southeast can accumulate almost 100 metric tons of carbon per acre after 90 years, or roughly one metric ton of carbon per acre per year (Birdsey 1996). Changes in forest management (e.g., lengthening the harvest-regeneration cycle) generally result in less carbon sequestration on a per acre basis. Changes in cropping practices, such as from conventional to conservation tillage, have been shown to sequester about 0.1 – 0.3 metric tons of carbon per acre per year (Lal et al. 1999; West and Post 2002). However, a more comprehensive picture of the climate effects of these practices needs to also consider possible nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) emissions. (See also FAQ #6)

Carbon accumulation in forests and soils eventually reaches a saturation point, beyond which additional sequestration is no longer possible. This happens, for example, when trees reach maturity, or when the organic matter in soils builds back up to original levels before losses occurred. Even after saturation, the trees or agricultural practices would need to be sustained to maintain the accumulated carbon and prevent subsequent losses of carbon back to the atmosphere.

For more information on carbon sequestration and saturation rates for individual practices, visit the Practices section of this Web site. Full references cited in this answer are provided below.

Source: EPA Carbon Sequestration in Agriculture and Forestry - FAQ

How could carbon sequestration be affected by climate change?

According to a National Academy of Sciences 2001 report, "Greenhouse gases are accumulating in the Earth's atmosphere as a result of human activities, causing surface air temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise." In addition to temperature, human-induced climate change may also affect growing seasons, precipitation and the frequency and severity of extreme weather events, such as fire. These changes can influence forests, farming and the health of ecosystems, and thus carbon sequestration. Some argue that rising CO2 levels will enhance sequestration above normal rates due to a fertilization effect. However, the concurrent changes in temperature and precipitation, along with local nutrient availability and harmful air pollutants, complicate this view. Furthermore, recent studies of pine forests fumigated with elevated CO2 levels have shown that this fertilization effect may only be short-lived (Schlesinger and Lichter 2001; Oren et al. 2001). Current projections of business-as-usual U.S. sequestration rates under various climate change scenarios show both increases and decreases in carbon storage depending on various assumptions. To date, few analyses of the potential for additional sequestration over time have considered the future effects of climate change.

Source: EPA Carbon Sequestration in Agriculture and Forestry - FAQ


Carbon Sequestration Solutions

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